Acupuncture increases the pregnancy rate in IVF/ICSI cycles
Study with a total of 111 cycles of patients who underwent assisted reproduction techniques: in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) from June/2005 to January/2007: 52 cycles with acupuncture and 59 cycles without acupuncture.
The embryo transfer was carried out under ultrasound guidance and luteal phase support was given by transvaginal progesterone administration (Utrogestan) and intramuscular progesterone. Outcome measure was clinical pregnancy rate.
The clinical pregnancy rate per cycle was observed in 27 of 52 (51.9%) patients in the acupuncture group and 21 of 59 (35.6%) patients in the control group (P¼0,083). The mean age was 36.1 6.1 years in the control group and 36.4 5.4 years in the acupuncture group (P¼0.785). The mean number of embryo transferred was 3.3 1.4 in the control group and 3.6 1.4 in the acupuncture group (P¼0.462).
Both groups did not show statistics difference in the mean age, number of embryo transferred and the technique procedure. Although there was a higher pregnancy rate in the acupuncture group,this difference was not statistically significant, probably because of the small number of patients in both group.
Teshima, et al. (2007) The effect of acupuncture in assisted reproduction techniques. Fertility and Sterility, Vol. 88, S329–S330.